Today, we will be uploading JPG, BMP or TIFF images to Amazon S3 that are attached to a model.
We also need to upload images to different S3 buckets for different Heroku applications (personal, dev, staging). We also would like to upload images locally for development purposes and fake upload when writing RSpec tests. We handle this with a gem called Carrierwave. I’ve seen components that do this in many languages, but I challenge you to get end-to-end multi-file upload in 20 lines of code or less in an hour. I continue to be amazed by how many similar problems have been solved with reusable components, tribute to the successful combination of Ruby, Rails, Github and open-source practices that actually work.
I needed to change the directory structure and the naming of the files. We started with defining paperclip_path - Carrierwave is an improvement over Paperclip, a system to attach files to ActiveRecord records and has some backward compatibility elements. We use the same uploader for two related models, so it was convenient to define a single template path.
- include CarrierWave::Compatibility::Paperclip
- def paperclip_path
Next, we wanted to change the :id in the path to :slug – an auto-generated short name with mongoid_slug. Looking at the Paperclip-compatibility code it was clearly not possible without rewriting the whole thing.
Carrierwave recommends overriding store_dir in the uploader, but it only gives you a way to modify the directory name, not the whole path with the file name. Digging through the source, I found a way to change the entire path by overriding store_path. Note how we access the model being uploaded with model.
- def store_path(for_file = filename)
- self.model.class.name.underscore.pluralize + "/" + self.model.slug + "/" + (version_name || :original).to_s + ".jpg"